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Best website to order ecology lab report single spaced standard college sophomore academic An introduction to the guide While writing is a critical part of the scientific process, it is often taught secondarily to scientific concepts and becomes an afterthought to many students can you recall who worked on a laboratory assignment or class project for weeks, only to throw together the written report the day before it was due? For many, this pattern occurs because we focus almost exclusively on the scientific process, all but neglecting the scientific writing process.Scientific writing is often a difficult and arduous task for many students Help me do my ecology lab report at an affordable price Premium double spaced Sophomore ific writing is often a difficult and arduous task for many students.

It follows a different format and deviates in structure from how we were initially taught to write, or even how we currently write for English, history, or social science can make the scientific writing process appear overwhelming, especially when presented with new, complex r, effective writing can deepen understanding of the topic at hand by compelling the writer to present a coherent and logical story that is supported by previous research and new scientific writing generally follows a specific format with key sections: an introduction to a particular topic, hypotheses to be tested, a description of methods, key results, and finally, a discussion that ties these results to our broader knowledge of the topic (Day and Gastel 2012) /lab-report/help-me-write-math-lab-report-8-hours-premium-proofreading-quality Sitemap Order the best writing services from us without lightening nbsp.It follows a different format and deviates in structure from how we were initially taught to write, or even how we currently write for English, history, or social science can make the scientific writing process appear overwhelming, especially when presented with new, complex r, effective writing can deepen understanding of the topic at hand by compelling the writer to present a coherent and logical story that is supported by previous research and new scientific writing generally follows a specific format with key sections: an introduction to a particular topic, hypotheses to be tested, a description of methods, key results, and finally, a discussion that ties these results to our broader knowledge of the topic (Day and Gastel 2012) /lab-report/help-me-write-math-lab-report-8-hours-premium-proofreading-quality.

Clear scientific writing generally follows a specific format with key sections: an introduction to a particular topic, hypotheses to be tested, a description of methods, key results, and finally, a discussion that ties these results to our broader knowledge of the topic (Day and Gastel 2012).This general format is inherent in most scientific writing and facilitates the transfer of information from author to reader if a few guidelines are , we present a succinct step-by-step guide that lays out strategies for effective scientific writing with the intention that the guide be disseminated to undergraduate students to increase the focus on the writing process in the college we recognize that there are no hard and fast rules when it comes to scientific writing, and more experienced writers may choose to disregard our suggestions these guidelines will assist undergraduates in overcoming the initial challenges associated with writing scientific guide was inspired by Joshua Schimel's Writing Science: How to Write Papers that Get Cited and Proposals that Get Funded—an excellent book about scientific writing for graduate students and professional scientists—but designed to address undergraduate students 10 Dec 2017 - How to purchase laboratory report ecology 9 days college senior editing standard; Need to order a laboratory report ecology a4 (british/european) business 114 pages / 31350 words single spaced; Where to get an laboratory report ecology at an affordable price platinum academic 8 pages / 2200 words us  .This general format is inherent in most scientific writing and facilitates the transfer of information from author to reader if a few guidelines are , we present a succinct step-by-step guide that lays out strategies for effective scientific writing with the intention that the guide be disseminated to undergraduate students to increase the focus on the writing process in the college we recognize that there are no hard and fast rules when it comes to scientific writing, and more experienced writers may choose to disregard our suggestions these guidelines will assist undergraduates in overcoming the initial challenges associated with writing scientific guide was inspired by Joshua Schimel's Writing Science: How to Write Papers that Get Cited and Proposals that Get Funded—an excellent book about scientific writing for graduate students and professional scientists—but designed to address undergraduate students.While the guide was written by a group of ecologists and evolutionary biologists, the strategies and suggestions presented here are applicable across the biological sciences and other scientific disciplines 10 Dec 2017 - How to purchase laboratory report ecology 9 days college senior editing standard; Need to order a laboratory report ecology a4 (british/european) business 114 pages / 31350 words single spaced; Where to get an laboratory report ecology at an affordable price platinum academic 8 pages / 2200 words us  .While the guide was written by a group of ecologists and evolutionary biologists, the strategies and suggestions presented here are applicable across the biological sciences and other scientific disciplines.Regardless of the specific course being taught, this guide can be used as a reference when writing scientific papers, independent research projects, and laboratory students looking for more in-depth advice, additional resources are listed at the end of the illustrate points regarding each step of the scientific writing process, we draw examples throughout the guide from Kilner et al.

(2004), a paper on brown-headed cowbirds—a species of bird that lays its eggs in the nests of other bird species, or hosts—that was published in the journal igate why cowbird nestlings tolerate the company of host offspring during development rather than pushing host eggs out of the nest upon hatching to monopolize parental articles in the journal Science are especially concise and lack the divisions of a normal scientific paper, Kilner et al.(2004) offers plenty of examples of effective communication strategies that are utilized in scientific hope that the guidelines that follow, as well as the concrete examples provided, will lead to scientific papers that are information rich, concise, and clear, while simultaneously alleviating frustration and streamlining the writing raduate guide to writing in the biological sciences The before steps The scientific writing process can be a daunting and often procrastinated “last step” in the scientific process, leading to cursory attempts to get scientific arguments and results down on paper.However, scientific writing is not an afterthought and should begin well before drafting the first sful writing starts with researching how your work fits into existing literature, crafting a compelling story, and determining how to best tailor your message to an intended ch how your work fits into existing literature It is important to decide how your research compares to other studies of its kind by familiarizing yourself with previous research on the you are preparing a laboratory write-up, refer to your textbook and laboratory manual for background a research article, perform a thorough literature search on a credible search engine (e.Ask the following questions: What do we know about the topic? What open questions and knowledge do we not yet know? Why is this information important? This will provide critical insight into the structure and style that others have used when writing about the field and communicating ideas on this specific will also set you up to successfully craft a compelling story, as you will begin writing with precise knowledge of how your work builds on previous research and what sets your research apart from the current published tand your audience (and write to them) In order to write effectively, you must identify your audience and decide what story you want them to learn.

While this may seem obvious, writing about science as a narrative is often not done, largely because you were probably taught to remain dispassionate and impartial while communicating scientific findings.

Final environmental statement crude oil transportation systems nbsp The purpose of science writing is not explaining what you did or what your audience to by asking: Who is my audience? What are their goals in reading my writing? What message do I want them to take away from my writing? There are great resources available to help science writers answer these questions (Nisbet 2009, Baron 2010).If you are interested in publishing a scientific paper, academic journal websites also provide clear journal mission statements and submission guidelines for prospective authors Writing the first draft of your science paper some dos and don you are interested in publishing a scientific paper, academic journal websites also provide clear journal mission statements and submission guidelines for prospective authors.The most effective science writers are familiar with the background of their topic, have a clear story that they want to convey, and effectively craft their message to communicate that story to their audience.Introduction The Introduction sets the tone of the paper by providing relevant background information and clearly identifying the problem you plan to of your Introduction as the beginning of a funnel: Start wide to put your research into a broad context that someone outside of the field would understand, and then narrow the scope until you reach the specific question that you are trying to answer (Fig 3 Oct 2016 - While writing is a critical part of the scientific process, it is often taught secondarily to scientific concepts and becomes an afterthought to students.How many students can you recall who worked on a laboratory assignment or class project for weeks, only to throw together the written report the day before it.

Think of your Introduction as the beginning of a funnel: Start wide to put your research into a broad context that someone outside of the field would understand, and then narrow the scope until you reach the specific question that you are trying to answer ( y state the wider implications of your work for the field of study, or, if relevant, any societal impacts it may have, and provide enough background information that the reader can understand your m a thorough sweep of the literature; however, do not parrot everything you find research paper.Perform a thorough sweep of the literature; however, do not parrot everything you find.Background information should only include material that is directly relevant to your research and fits into your story; it does not need to contain an entire history of the field of er to include in-text citations in the format of (Author, year published) for each paper that you cite and avoid using the author's name as the subject of the sentence: Figure 1.The structure of a paper mirrors that of an hourglass, opening broadly and narrowing to the specific question, hypothesis, methods, and results of the ive papers widen again in the discussion and conclusion, connecting the study back to the existing literature and explaining how the current study filled a knowledge gap.(2004) found that cowbird nestlings use host offspring to procure more food.

” Instead, use an in-text citation: “Cowbird nestlings use host offspring to procure more food.2004) Upon narrowing the background information presented to arrive at the specific focus of your research, clearly state the problem that your paper addresses.The problem is also known as the knowledge gap, or a specific area of the literature that contains an unknown question or problem (e., it is unclear why cowbird nestlings tolerate host offspring when they must compete with host offspring for food) (refer to the section “Research how your work fits into existing literature”).The knowledge gap tends to be a small piece of a much larger field of itly state how your work will contribute to filling that knowledge gap.

This is a crucial section of your manuscript; your discussion and conclusion should all be aimed at answering the knowledge gap that you are trying to addition, the knowledge gap will drive your hypotheses and questions that you design your experiment to hypothesis will often logically follow the identification of the knowledge gap (Table 1).Define the hypotheses you wish to address, state the approach of your experiment, and provide a 1–2 sentence overview of your experimental design, leaving the specific details for the methods section.If your methods are complicated, consider briefly explaining the reasoning behind your choice of experimental design.Here, you may also state your system, study organism, or study site, and provide justification for why you chose this particular system for your your system, study organism, or site a good representation of a more generalized pattern? Providing a brief outline of your project will allow your Introduction to segue smoothly into your 'Materials and Methods' section. Constructing a hypothesis A hypothesis is a testable explanation of an observed occurrence in nature, or, more specifically, why something you observed is eses relate directly to research questions, are written in the present tense, and can be tested through observation or experimentation.

Although the terms “hypothesis” and “prediction” are often incorrectly used interchangeably, they refer to different but complementary concepts.A hypothesis attempts to explain the mechanism underlying a pattern, while a prediction states an expectation regarding the results.Application and research jun 1970 page 69 google books result While challenging to construct, hypotheses provide powerful tools for structuring research, generating specific predictions, and designing e: Observation: Brown-headed cowbird nestlings refrain from ejecting host offspring from the nest even though those offspring compete for limited parental ch question: Why do nestling cowbirds tolerate the presence of host offspring in the nest? Hypothesis: The presence of host offspring causes parents to bring more food to the nest Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review NCBI NIH.Research question: Why do nestling cowbirds tolerate the presence of host offspring in the nest? Hypothesis: The presence of host offspring causes parents to bring more food to the nest.Prediction: Cowbird nestlings will grow at a faster rate in nests that contain host als and Methods The 'Materials and Methods' section is arguably the most straightforward section to write; you can even begin writing it while performing your experiments to avoid forgetting any details of your experimental design The Global Warming Issue Sep 2007 Page 20 Google Books als and Methods The 'Materials and Methods' section is arguably the most straightforward section to write; you can even begin writing it while performing your experiments to avoid forgetting any details of your experimental order to make your paper as clear as possible, organize this section into subsections with headers for each procedure you describe (e The Global Warming Issue Sep 2007 Page 20 Google Books order to make your paper as clear as possible, organize this section into subsections with headers for each procedure you describe (e.

We recommend reusing these headers in your Results and Discussion to help orient your aim of the 'Materials and Methods' section is to demonstrate that you used scientifically valid methods and provide the reader with enough information to recreate your chronological order, clearly state the procedural steps you took, remembering to include the model numbers and specific settings of all equipment used (e., centrifuged in Beckman Coulter Benchtop Centrifuge Model Allegra X -15R at 12,000 ×g for 45 minutes).In addition to your experimental procedure, describe any statistical analyses that you the parameters you include in your 'Materials and Methods' section will vary based on your experimental design, we list common ones in Table 2 (Journal of Young Investigators 2005) that are usually you followed a procedure developed from another paper, cite the source that it came from and provide a general description of the is no need to reiterate every detail, unless you deviated from the source and changed a step in your procedure.However, it is important to provide enough information that the reader can follow your methods without referring to the original you explain your experiment step by step, you may be tempted to include qualifiers where sources of error occurred (e., the tube was supposed to be centrifuged for 5 minutes, but was actually centrifuged for 10).

However, generally wait until the Discussion to mention these subjective qualifiers and avoid discussing them in the 'Materials and Methods' section. Common parameters included in the 'Materials and Methods' section • Site characterization: Description of field site or site where experiment was performed • Experimental design: Sample preparation Important equipment settings (e., temperature of incubation, speed of centrifuge) Amount of reagents used • Statistical analyses conducted (e., ANOVA, linear regression) The 'Materials and Methods' section should be written in the past tense: “On hatch day, and every day thereafter for 9 days, we weighed chicks, measured their tibia length, and calculated the instantaneous growth constant K to summarize rates of mass gain and skeletal growth.2004) While it is generally advisable to use active voice throughout the paper (refer to the section “Putting It All Together,” below), you may want to use a mixture of active and passive voice in the 'Materials and Methods' section in order to vary sentence structure and avoid repetitive s The Results section provides a space to present your key findings in a purely objective manner and lay the foundation for the Discussion section, where those data are subjectively diving into this section, identify which graphs, tables, and data are absolutely necessary for telling your story.

Then, craft a descriptive sentence or two that summarizes each result, referring to corresponding table and figure than presenting the details all at once, write a short summary about each data you carried out a complicated study, we recommend dividing your results into multiple sections with clear headers following the sequence laid out in the 'Materials and Methods' you relate each finding, be as specific as possible and describe your data biologically rather than through the lens of statistical tests give your data credibility by allowing you to attribute observed differences to nonrandom variation, they fail to address the actual meaning of the data.Instead, translate the data into biological terms and refer to statistical results as supplemental information, or even in parenthetical clauses (Schimel 2012).Need to order an lab report ecology original us letter size standard vancouver academic For example, if your dependent variable changed in response to a treatment, report the magnitude and direction of the effect, with the P-value in parentheses.“By day 8, cowbirds reared with host young were, on average, 14% heavier than cowbirds reared alone (unpaired t 16 = −2.05 (or your other statistical tests yielded nonsignificant results), report any noticeable trends in the data rather than simply dismissing the treatment as having no significant effect (Fry 1993) Jesse Ausubel, “Renewable and Nuclear Heresies,” International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy, and Ecology 1, no.

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05 (or your other statistical tests yielded nonsignificant results), report any noticeable trends in the data rather than simply dismissing the treatment as having no significant effect (Fry 1993).By focusing on the data and leaving out any interpretation of the results in this section, you will provide the reader with the tools necessary to objectively evaluate your findings.Discussion and conclusion The Discussion section usually requires the most consideration, as this is where you interpret your results Scientific Writing Made Easy A Step by Step Guide to Undergraduate sion and conclusion The Discussion section usually requires the most consideration, as this is where you interpret your Discussion should form a self-contained story tying together your Introduction and Results sections (Schimel 2012) Scientific Writing Made Easy A Step by Step Guide to Undergraduate Discussion should form a self-contained story tying together your Introduction and Results sections (Schimel 2012)   https://pro-php.org/lab-report/best-website-to-purchase-ecology-lab-report-122-pages-33550-words-standard-double-spaced-100-plagiarism-free 2017-12-15   2017-12-15 daily 0.9 https://pro-php.org/lab-report/best-websites-to-buy-an-physics-lab-report-premium-single-spaced-3-days-no-plagiarism 2017-12-15 daily  .

Discussion and conclusion The Discussion section usually requires the most consideration, as this is where you interpret your results Scientific Writing Made Easy A Step by Step Guide to Undergraduate sion and conclusion The Discussion section usually requires the most consideration, as this is where you interpret your Discussion should form a self-contained story tying together your Introduction and Results sections (Schimel 2012) Scientific Writing Made Easy A Step by Step Guide to Undergraduate Discussion should form a self-contained story tying together your Introduction and Results sections (Schimel 2012).

One potential strategy for writing the Discussion is to begin by explicitly stating the main finding(s) of your research (Cals and Kotz 2013).Remind the reader of the knowledge gap identified in the Introduction to re-spark curiosity about the question you set out to answer /term-paper/ the reader of the knowledge gap identified in the Introduction to re-spark curiosity about the question you set out to , explicitly state how your experiment moved the field forward by filling that knowledge gap How to order a report ecology 64 pages / 17600 words double spaced 11 days AMA.Remind the reader of the knowledge gap identified in the Introduction to re-spark curiosity about the question you set out to answer /term-paper/ the reader of the knowledge gap identified in the Introduction to re-spark curiosity about the question you set out to , explicitly state how your experiment moved the field forward by filling that knowledge gap.After the opening paragraph of your Discussion, we suggest addressing your question and hypotheses with specific evidence from your there are multiple possible interpretations of a result, clearly lay out each competing the cowbird example, a higher feeding rate in the presence of host offspring could indicate either (1) that the parents were more responsive to the begging behavior of their own species or (2) that the collective begging behavior of more offspring in the nest motivated the host parents to provide additional food (Kilner etting and evaluating alternative explanations of your findings will provide clear opportunities for future research How to order a report ecology 64 pages / 17600 words double spaced 11 days AMA.After the opening paragraph of your Discussion, we suggest addressing your question and hypotheses with specific evidence from your there are multiple possible interpretations of a result, clearly lay out each competing the cowbird example, a higher feeding rate in the presence of host offspring could indicate either (1) that the parents were more responsive to the begging behavior of their own species or (2) that the collective begging behavior of more offspring in the nest motivated the host parents to provide additional food (Kilner etting and evaluating alternative explanations of your findings will provide clear opportunities for future research.However, be sure to keep your Discussion concrete by referring to your results to support each given ingled with these interpretations, reference preexisting literature and report how your results relate to previous findings (Casenove and Kirk 2016).

Ask yourself the following questions: How do my results compare to those of similar studies? Are they consistent or inconsistent with what other researchers have found? If they are inconsistent, discuss why this might be the example, are you asking a similar question in a different system, organism, or site? Was there a difference in the methods or experimental design? Any caveats of the study (e.

, small sample size, procedural mistakes, or known biases in the methods) should be transparent and briefly conclusion, generally located in its own short section or the last paragraph of the Discussion, represents your final opportunity to state the significance of your than merely restating your main findings, the conclusion should summarize the outcome of your study in a way that incorporates new insights or frames interesting questions that arose as a result of your n your perspective again as you reach the bottom of the hourglass ( it is important to acknowledge the shortcomings or caveats of the research project, generally include these near the beginning of the conclusion or earlier in the want your take-home sentences to focus on what you have accomplished and the broader implications of your study, rather than your study's limitations or shortcomings (Schimel 2012).Putting it all together No matter how many boards you stack on top of each other, you still need nails to prevent the pile from falling same logic applies to a scientific paper.Little things—such as flow, structure, voice, and word choice—will connect your story, polish your paper, and make it enjoyable to reader should easily be able to move from one concept to another, either within a sentence or between bolster the flow, constantly remind yourself of the overarching story; always connect new questions with resolutions and tie new concepts to previously presented a general rule, try to maintain the same subject throughout a section and mix up sentence structure in order to emphasize different concepts.Keep in mind that words or ideas placed toward the end of a sentence often convey the most importance (Schimel 2012).Help me with ecology lab report online us letter size 11 days formatting academic The use of active voice with occasional sentences in passive voice will additionally strengthen your ific writing is rife with passive voice that weakens otherwise powerful sentences by stripping the subjects of r, when used properly, the passive voice can improve flow by strategically placing a sentence's subject so that it echoes the emphasis of the preceding sentence Lab Report Guide How to Write in the Format of a nbsp SERC r, when used properly, the passive voice can improve flow by strategically placing a sentence's subject so that it echoes the emphasis of the preceding sentence.

Compare the following sentences: “The cowbird nestlings tolerated the host nestlings.” (active) (passive) If host nestlings are the focus of the paragraph as a whole, it may make more sense to present the passive sentence in this case, even though it is weaker than the active passive and active voices can complement each other in particular situations, you should typically use the active voice whenever , word choice is critical for effective storytelling (Journal of Young Investigators 2005) /essay/ , word choice is critical for effective storytelling (Journal of Young Investigators 2005).Rather than peppering your report or manuscript with overly complicated words, use simple words to lay the framework of your study and discuss your ating any flourish and choosing words that get your point across as clearly as possible will make your work much more enjoyable to read (Strunk and White 1979, Schimel 2012).Editing and peer review Although you have finally finished collecting data and writing your report, you are not done yet! Re-reading your paper and incorporating constructive feedback from others can make the difference between getting a paper accepted or rejected from a journal or receiving one letter grade over another on a editing stage is where you put the finishing touches on your by taking some time away from your y, you began your paper early enough that you can refrain from looking at it for a day or two.However, if the deadline looms large, take an hour break at the very least.

Come back to your paper and verify that it still expresses what you intended to are the gaps in your story structure? What has not been explained clearly? Where is the writing awkward, making it difficult to understand your point? Consider reading the paper out loud first, and then print and edit a hard copy to inspect the paper from different the first run-through of your paper, make sure you addressed all of the main ideas of the way to achieve this is by writing down the key points you want to hit prior to re-reading your paper.If your paper deviates from these points, you may need to delete some contrast, if you forgot to include something, add it check the flow of your paragraphs, verify that a common thread ties each paragraph to the preceding one, and similarly, that each sentence within a paragraph builds on the previous y, re-read the paper with a finer lens, editing sentence structure and word choice as you go to put the finishing touches on your r and spelling are just as important as your scientific story; a poorly written paper will have limited impact regardless of the quality of the ideas expressed (Harley et al.After editing your own paper, ask someone else to read it.A classmate is ideal because he/she understands the assignment and could exchange papers with editing steps described above also apply when editing someone else's a classmate is not available, try asking a family member or a friend.Having a fresh set of eyes examine your work may help you identify sections of your paper that need procedure will also give you a glimpse into the peer review process, which is integral to professional science writing (Guilford 2001).

Don't be discouraged by negative comments—incorporating the feedback of reviewers will only strengthen your paper.Where to purchase a ecology lab report 100% plagiarism-free academic 17 pages / 4675 words american single spaced Conclusion While the basics of writing are generally taught early in life, many people constantly work to refine their writing ability throughout their careers.Even professional scientists feel that they can always write more ng on the strategies for success laid out in this guide will not only improve your writing skills, but also make the scientific writing process easier and more efficient As Garrett Hardin has said so beautifully, inThe Tragedy of the Commons( Science,December 1968), so long as people perceive some incremental personal gain in having another child, they will have another child.No, the compassionate human being, the compassionate scientist and technologist, must some-It is my.Focusing on the strategies for success laid out in this guide will not only improve your writing skills, but also make the scientific writing process easier and more efficient.

However, keep in mind that there is no single correct way to write a scientific paper, and as you gain experience with scientific writing, you will begin to find your own luck and happy writing! Additional resources For those interested in learning more about the skill of scientific writing, we recommend the following note that much of the inspiration and concrete ideas for this step-by-step guide originated from Schimel's Writing Science: How to Write Papers that Get Cited and Proposals that Get Funded Sarah Deel, Carleton College Biology Department, January 2006.The purpose of this guide is to help you write lab reports in biology.In this section, you describe the procedures you followed and the techniques you used to perform your experiments.

We note that much of the inspiration and concrete ideas for this step-by-step guide originated from Schimel's Writing Science: How to Write Papers that Get Cited and Proposals that Get Funded.Writing scientific manuscripts: a guide for l of Young Investigators, in of the Ecological Society of America 79: 171–172.A student's guide to writing in the life sciences.The President and Fellows of Harvard University, g science: how to write papers that get cited and proposals that get funded.

Acknowledgments We thank Nichole Barger and the University of Colorado, Boulder 2016 graduate writing seminar for helpful discussions that greatly enhanced the quality of this ial Conflicts of Interest Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review 2Centre for Biodiversity Synthesis and Analysis (CESAB), FRB, Aix-en-Provence, France University of California San Diego, United States of America Copyright © 2013 Marco Pautasso This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly article has been cited by other articles in ture reviews are in great demand in most scientific need stems from the ever-increasing output of scientific publications 1 .For example, compared to 1991, in 2008 three, eight, and forty times more papers were indexed in Web of Science on malaria, obesity, and biodiversity, respectively 2 .Given such mountains of papers, scientists cannot be expected to examine in detail every single new paper relevant to their interests 3 .Thus, it is both advantageous and necessary to rely on regular summaries of the recent gh recognition for scientists mainly comes from primary research, timely literature reviews can lead to new synthetic insights and are often widely read 4 .For such summaries to be useful, however, they need to be compiled in a professional way 5 .

When starting from scratch, reviewing the literature can require a titanic amount of is why researchers who have spent their career working on a certain research issue are in a perfect position to review that graduate schools are now offering courses in reviewing the literature, given that most research students start their project by producing an overview of what has already been done on their research issue 6 .However, it is likely that most scientists have not thought in detail about how to approach and carry out a literature ing the literature requires the ability to juggle multiple tasks, from finding and evaluating relevant material to synthesising information from various sources, from critical thinking to paraphrasing, evaluating, and citation skills 7 .In this contribution, I share ten simple rules I learned working on about 25 literature reviews as a PhD and postdoctoral and insights also come from discussions with coauthors and colleagues, as well as feedback from reviewers and 1: Define a Topic and Audience How to choose which topic to review? There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review.Best website to purchase an lab report ecology college sophomore formatting ama double spaced On the one hand, if you take several years to choose, several other people may have had the same idea in the the other hand, only a well-considered topic is likely to lead to a brilliant literature review 8 .The topic must at least be: interesting to you (ideally, you should have come across a series of recent papers related to your line of work that call for a critical summary), an important aspect of the field (so that many readers will be interested in the review and there will be enough material to write it), and a well-defined issue (otherwise you could potentially include thousands of publications, which would make the review unhelpful) Also, I will be happy to check drafts of the overall review which your office puts together.

Deparatment or commence national oceanic and atmo-pheric admini-tration -------------------------- Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Attachment 1 to this memo is a detailed listing of my comments on the subject environmental.The topic must at least be: interesting to you (ideally, you should have come across a series of recent papers related to your line of work that call for a critical summary), an important aspect of the field (so that many readers will be interested in the review and there will be enough material to write it), and a well-defined issue (otherwise you could potentially include thousands of publications, which would make the review unhelpful).Ideas for potential reviews may come from papers providing lists of key research questions to be answered 9 , but also from serendipitous moments during desultory reading and addition to choosing your topic, you should also select a target audience.

, web services in computational biology) will automatically define an audience (e 18 Jul 2013 - The chances are high that someone will already have published a literature review (Figure 1), if not exactly on the issue you are planning to tackle, at least on a related topic.If there are already a few or several reviews of the literature on your issue, my advice is not to give up, but to carry on with your own., web services in computational biology) will automatically define an audience (e., computational biologists), but that same topic may also be of interest to neighbouring fields (e /laboratory-report/ .

, computational biologists), but that same topic may also be of interest to neighbouring fields (e.

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Rule 2: Search and Re-search the Literature After having chosen your topic and audience, start by checking the literature and downloading relevant pieces of advice here: keep track of the search items you use (so that your search can be replicated 10 ), keep a list of papers whose pdfs you cannot access immediately (so as to retrieve them later with alternative strategies), use a paper management system (e., Mendeley, Papers, Qiqqa, Sente), define early in the process some criteria for exclusion of irrelevant papers (these criteria can then be described in the review to help define its scope), and do not just look for research papers in the area you wish to review, but also seek previous reviews.The chances are high that someone will already have published a literature review (Figure 1), if not exactly on the issue you are planning to tackle, at least on a related there are already a few or several reviews of the literature on your issue, my advice is not to give up, but to carry on with your own literature review, discussing in your review the approaches, limitations, and conclusions of past reviews, trying to find a new angle that has not been covered adequately in the previous reviews, and incorporating new material that has inevitably accumulated since their searching the literature for pertinent papers and reviews, the usual rules apply: be thorough, use different keywords and database sources (e Best websites to order a report ecology original two hours single spaced US Letter Size 23 pages / 6325 words.The chances are high that someone will already have published a literature review (Figure 1), if not exactly on the issue you are planning to tackle, at least on a related there are already a few or several reviews of the literature on your issue, my advice is not to give up, but to carry on with your own literature review, discussing in your review the approaches, limitations, and conclusions of past reviews, trying to find a new angle that has not been covered adequately in the previous reviews, and incorporating new material that has inevitably accumulated since their searching the literature for pertinent papers and reviews, the usual rules apply: be thorough, use different keywords and database sources (e.

, DBLP, Google Scholar, ISI Proceedings, JSTOR Search, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science), and look at who has cited past relevant papers and book chapters.Rule 3: Take Notes While Reading If you read the papers first, and only afterwards start writing the review, you will need a very good memory to remember who wrote what, and what your impressions and associations were while reading each single advice is, while reading, to start writing down interesting pieces of information, insights about how to organize the review, and thoughts on what to way, by the time you have read the literature you selected, you will already have a rough draft of the course, this draft will still need much rewriting, restructuring, and rethinking to obtain a text with a coherent argument 11 , but you will have avoided the danger posed by staring at a blank careful when taking notes to use quotation marks if you are provisionally copying verbatim from the literature 4 days ago - Best website to order ecology lab report single spaced standard college sophomore academic; Final environmental statement crude oil transportation systems nbsp; Application and research jun 1970 page 69 google books result; Need to order an lab report ecology original us letter size standard  .

Rule 3: Take Notes While Reading If you read the papers first, and only afterwards start writing the review, you will need a very good memory to remember who wrote what, and what your impressions and associations were while reading each single advice is, while reading, to start writing down interesting pieces of information, insights about how to organize the review, and thoughts on what to way, by the time you have read the literature you selected, you will already have a rough draft of the course, this draft will still need much rewriting, restructuring, and rethinking to obtain a text with a coherent argument 11 , but you will have avoided the danger posed by staring at a blank careful when taking notes to use quotation marks if you are provisionally copying verbatim from the literature.

It is advisable then to reformulate such quotes with your own words in the final is important to be careful in noting the references already at this stage, so as to avoid referencing software from the very beginning of your endeavour will save you 4: Choose the Type of Review You Wish to Write After having taken notes while reading the literature, you will have a rough idea of the amount of material available for the review 4 days ago - Best website to order ecology lab report single spaced standard college sophomore academic; Final environmental statement crude oil transportation systems nbsp; Application and research jun 1970 page 69 google books result; Need to order an lab report ecology original us letter size standard  .It is advisable then to reformulate such quotes with your own words in the final is important to be careful in noting the references already at this stage, so as to avoid referencing software from the very beginning of your endeavour will save you 4: Choose the Type of Review You Wish to Write After having taken notes while reading the literature, you will have a rough idea of the amount of material available for the review.This is probably a good time to decide whether to go for a mini- or a full review.Some journals are now favouring the publication of rather short reviews focusing on the last few years, with a limit on the number of words and citations.A mini-review is not necessarily a minor review: it may well attract more attention from busy readers, although it will inevitably simplify some issues and leave out some relevant material due to space limitations.A full review will have the advantage of more freedom to cover in detail the complexities of a particular scientific development, but may then be left in the pile of the very important papers “to be read” by readers with little time to spare for major is probably a continuum between mini- and full same point applies to the dichotomy of descriptive vs.

While descriptive reviews focus on the methodology, findings, and interpretation of each reviewed study, integrative reviews attempt to find common ideas and concepts from the reviewed material 12 .New scientist 4 nov 1989 page 79 google books result A similar distinction exists between narrative and systematic reviews: while narrative reviews are qualitative, systematic reviews attempt to test a hypothesis based on the published evidence, which is gathered using a predefined protocol to reduce bias 13 , 14 .When systematic reviews analyse quantitative results in a quantitative way, they become choice between different review types will have to be made on a case-by-case basis, depending not just on the nature of the material found and the preferences of the target journal(s), but also on the time available to write the review and the number of coauthors 15 Mycological Research covers ecology, physiology, plant pathology and systematics of fungi and is especially attractive in areas such as ultrastructure, biochemistry, molecular biology, biodeterioration, biotechnology and genetics.Written for all educational levels: universities, industry, schools, natural history organisations,.The choice between different review types will have to be made on a case-by-case basis, depending not just on the nature of the material found and the preferences of the target journal(s), but also on the time available to write the review and the number of coauthors 15 .

Rule 5: Keep the Review Focused, but Make It of Broad Interest Whether your plan is to write a mini- or a full review, it is good advice to keep it focused 16, ing material just for the sake of it can easily lead to reviews that are trying to do too many things at need to keep a review focused can be problematic for interdisciplinary reviews, where the aim is to bridge the gap between fields 18 Two winter climate trends — more precipitation falling as rain, and more freeze-thaw cycles — will increase the number and intensity of avalanches, making it harder forDry seasons now last 78 days longer, on average, than they did 20 years ago, 6 Gases increase Forests act as a carbon sink, extracting CO2 from the.The need to keep a review focused can be problematic for interdisciplinary reviews, where the aim is to bridge the gap between fields 18 .If you are writing a review on, for example, how epidemiological approaches are used in modelling the spread of ideas, you may be inclined to include material from both parent fields, epidemiology and the study of cultural diffusion east european you are writing a review on, for example, how epidemiological approaches are used in modelling the spread of ideas, you may be inclined to include material from both parent fields, epidemiology and the study of cultural may be necessary to some extent, but in this case a focused review would only deal in detail with those studies at the interface between epidemiology and the spread of ideas.While focus is an important feature of a successful review, this requirement has to be balanced with the need to make the review relevant to a broad square may be circled by discussing the wider implications of the reviewed topic for other 6: Be Critical and Consistent Reviewing the literature is not stamp collecting.A good review does not just summarize the literature, but discusses it critically, identifies methodological problems, and points out research gaps 19 .

After having read a review of the literature, a reader should have a rough idea of: the major achievements in the reviewed field, the main areas of debate, and the outstanding research questions.It is challenging to achieve a successful review on all these fronts.A solution can be to involve a set of complementary coauthors: some people are excellent at mapping what has been achieved, some others are very good at identifying dark clouds on the horizon, and some have instead a knack at predicting where solutions are going to come your journal club has exactly this sort of team, then you should definitely write a review of the literature! In addition to critical thinking, a literature review needs consistency, for example in the choice of passive 7: Find a Logical Structure Like a well-baked cake, a good review has a number of telling features: it is worth the reader's time, timely, systematic, well written, focused, and reviews, the usual subdivision of research papers into introduction, methods, results, and discussion does not work or is rarely r, a general introduction of the context and, toward the end, a recapitulation of the main points covered and take-home messages make sense also in the case of systematic reviews, there is a trend towards including information about how the literature was searched (database, keywords, time limits) 20 .How can you organize the flow of the main body of the review so that the reader will be drawn into and guided through it? It is generally helpful to draw a conceptual scheme of the review, e.Such diagrams can help recognize a logical way to order and link the various sections of a review 21 .

This is the case not just at the writing stage, but also for readers if the diagram is included in the review as a figure.A careful selection of diagrams and figures relevant to the reviewed topic can be very helpful to structure the text too 22 .Rule 8: Make Use of Feedback Reviews of the literature are normally peer-reviewed in the same way as research papers, and rightly so 23 .As a rule, incorporating feedback from reviewers greatly helps improve a review read the review with a fresh mind, reviewers may spot inaccuracies, inconsistencies, and ambiguities that had not been noticed by the writers due to rereading the typescript too many is however advisable to reread the draft one more time before submission, as a last-minute correction of typos, leaps, and muddled sentences may enable the reviewers to focus on providing advice on the content rather than the form.Feedback is vital to writing a good review, and should be sought from a variety of colleagues, so as to obtain a diversity of views on the may lead in some cases to conflicting views on the merits of the paper, and on how to improve it, but such a situation is better than the absence of feedback.

Help me write ecology lab report american business proofreading 125 pages / 34375 words A diversity of feedback perspectives on a literature review can help identify where the consensus view stands in the landscape of the current scientific understanding of an issue 24 .Rule 9: Include Your Own Relevant Research, but Be Objective In many cases, reviewers of the literature will have published studies relevant to the review they are could create a conflict of interest: how can reviewers report objectively on their own work 25 ? Some scientists may be overly enthusiastic about what they have published, and thus risk giving too much importance to their own findings in the review Results (presented in tables, figures or graphs; must be described in the text but the amount of text should beA US based interactive guide to writing lab reports that supports you through pre, during and post laboratoryLAB REPORT.Does the choice of winter or spring cropping influence the response of soil fauna to.This could create a conflict of interest: how can reviewers report objectively on their own work 25 ? Some scientists may be overly enthusiastic about what they have published, and thus risk giving too much importance to their own findings in the review.However, bias could also occur in the other direction: some scientists may be unduly dismissive of their own achievements, so that they will tend to downplay their contribution (if any) to a field when reviewing general, a review of the literature should neither be a public relations brochure nor an exercise in competitive self-denial .

In general, a review of the literature should neither be a public relations brochure nor an exercise in competitive a reviewer is up to the job of producing a well-organized and methodical review, which flows well and provides a service to the readership, then it should be possible to be objective in reviewing one's own relevant reviews written by multiple authors, this may be achieved by assigning the review of the results of a coauthor to different coauthors help me with college math essay Editing two hours British.In reviews written by multiple authors, this may be achieved by assigning the review of the results of a coauthor to different coauthors.Rule 10: Be Up-to-Date, but Do Not Forget Older Studies Given the progressive acceleration in the publication of scientific papers, today's reviews of the literature need awareness not just of the overall direction and achievements of a field of inquiry, but also of the latest studies, so as not to become out-of-date before they have been published.Ideally, a literature review should not identify as a major research gap an issue that has just been addressed in a series of papers in press (the same applies, of course, to older, overlooked studies (“sleeping beauties” 26 )).This implies that literature reviewers would do well to keep an eye on electronic lists of papers in press, given that it can take months before these appear in scientific reviews declare that they have scanned the literature up to a certain point in time, but given that peer review can be a rather lengthy process, a full search for newly appeared literature at the revision stage may be ing the contribution of papers that have just appeared is particularly challenging, because there is little perspective with which to gauge their significance and impact on further research and ably, new papers on the reviewed topic (including independently written literature reviews) will appear from all quarters after the review has been published, so that there may soon be the need for an updated review.

But this is the nature of science 27 – 32 .I wish everybody good luck with writing a review of the for insights and discussions, and to P.Smith for helpful comments on a previous draft.Funding Statement This work was funded by the French Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB) through its Centre for Synthesis and Analysis of Biodiversity data (CESAB), as part of the NETSEED research funders had no role in the preparation of the C (2011) The role of the critical review article in alleviating information ble: /userimages/ContentEditor/1300384004941/Annual Reviews WhitePaper Web .Pautasso M (2010) Worsening file-drawer problem in the abstracts of natural, medical and social science TC, Cullen P, Erren M (2009) How to surf today's information tsunami: on the craft of effective n SE, Parker JN (2011) Collaboration and productivity in scientific m CM, Crawford JM (2007) The impact of review DN, Beile P (2005) Scholars before researchers: on the centrality of the dissertation literature review in research preparation.

Budgen D, Brereton P (2006) Performing systematic literature reviews in software 28th Int Conf Software Engineering, ACM New York, NY, USA, HR (2013) What constitutes a good literature review and why does its quality matter? Environ Model Softw 43: 3–4 doi:10.Sutherland WJ, Fleishman E, Mascia MB, Pretty J, Rudd MA (2011) Methods for collaboratively identifying research priorities and emerging issues in science and policy.Smaller faster lighter denser cheaper how innovation keeps proving nbsp Maggio LA, Tannery NH, Kanter SL (2011) Reproducibility of literature search reporting in medical education o RJ (2005) Writing integrative literature reviews: guidelines and Res Develop Rev 4: 356–367 doi:10 Best websites to write an ecology lab report single spaced one day American Res Develop Rev 4: 356–367 doi:10.Khoo CSG, Na JC, Jaidka K (2011) Analysis of the macro-level discourse structure of literature reviews.

Rosenfeld RM (1996) How to systematically review the medical yngol Head Neck Surg 115: 53–63 doi:10 2 Mar 2015 - Correct and rewrite only when the whole text is on paper.

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Ask each reviewer to track their yngol Head Neck Surg 115: 53–63 doi: DA, West CP (2012) Conducting systematic reviews in medical education: a stepwise s M (2009) The Task Force on Systematic Reviews and Guidelines (2009) The value of “traditional” reviews in the era of systematic reviewing best website to write a math report 118 pages / 32450 words Business s M (2009) The Task Force on Systematic Reviews and Guidelines (2009) The value of “traditional” reviews in the era of systematic J Phys Med Rehabil 88: 423–430 doi:10.Eco U (1977) Come si fa una tesi di C (1998) Doing a literature review: releasing the social science research imagination.

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(2011) Approaches to understanding and measuring interdisciplinary scientific research (IDR): a review of the ll R, Daly W (2001) Strategies for the construction of a critical review of the s PD, Stewart GB, Pullin AS (2006) Are review articles a reliable source of evidence to support conservation and environmental management? A comparison with D (2008) The literature review: a step-by-step guide for er C, Wagener T (2011) Ten guidelines for effective data visualization in scientific AD, Guyatt GH (1988) Guidelines for reading literature RM (2011) Science as organized Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 369: 4685–4689 doi: DW, Sandal M, Gardner PP, Manske M, Bateman A (2010) Ten simple rules for editing Raan AFJ (2004) Sleeping beauties in science.Rosenberg D (2003) Early modern information n H, Glasziou P, Chalmers I (2010) Seventy-five trials and eleven systematic reviews a day: how will we ever keep up? PLoS Med 7: e1000326 doi: ini M, Munaf MR (2012) Bite-size science and its undesired side so M (2012) Publication growth in biological sub-fields: patterns, predictability and s C, Schmoch U (2013) Impact of bibliometric studies on the publication behaviour of authors   https://xlphp.org/paper/fine-art.php 2017-12-15 daily 0.9 https://xlphp.org/paper/who-can-help-me-write-a-fine-art-paper-9-days-american-writing-confidentially   daily 0.9 https://xlphp.org/laboratory-report/best-websites-to-get-ecology-laboratory-report-single-spaced-4-days-23-pages-6325-words 2017-12-15 daily 0.9  .Rosenberg D (2003) Early modern information n H, Glasziou P, Chalmers I (2010) Seventy-five trials and eleven systematic reviews a day: how will we ever keep up? PLoS Med 7: e1000326 doi: ini M, Munaf MR (2012) Bite-size science and its undesired side so M (2012) Publication growth in biological sub-fields: patterns, predictability and s C, Schmoch U (2013) Impact of bibliometric studies on the publication behaviour of authors.Tsafnat G, Dunn A, Glasziou P, Coiera E (2013) The automation of systematic reviews   https://xlphp.org/paper/fine-art.php 2017-12-15 daily 0.9 https://xlphp.org/paper/who-can-help-me-write-a-fine-art-paper-9-days-american-writing-confidentially   daily 0.9 https://xlphp.org/laboratory-report/best-websites-to-get-ecology-laboratory-report-single-spaced-4-days-23-pages-6325-words 2017-12-15 daily 0.9  .Tsafnat G, Dunn A, Glasziou P, Coiera E (2013) The automation of systematic reviews.Pautasso M, D ring TF, Garbelotto M, Pellis L, Jeger MJ (2012) Impacts of climate change on plant diseases - opinions and trends.

1007/s10658-012-9936-1 Articles from PLoS Computational Biology are provided here courtesy of Public Library of Science Classification How to purchase laboratory report ecology 9 days college senior editing standard Posted on When I visited the University of Maine recently, Brian and I started talking about ecology labs, and I immediately rattled off some of the ones I remembered from when I was an undergrad.I’ve never taught a lab course myself, but clearly the ones I took as an undergrad had a big impression on me.So it was funny timing that, shortly after I got back, we were contacted by Eva Dettweiler-Robinson, a PhD candidate at the University of New Mexico Learning How Scientists Work Experiential Research Projects to it was funny timing that, shortly after I got back, we were contacted by Eva Dettweiler-Robinson, a PhD candidate at the University of New Mexico.She and Jenn Rudgers are working to redesign a lab course related to ecology, evolution, and the diversity of life.* They want to know: “ What lab activities from your introductory undergraduate Ecology or Evolution courses were the most memorable?” The general idea is that, if you can remember a specific lab you did 5, 10, 15, 20+ years after taking the course, it was probably an engaging lab You will work with techniques that are important in biology and apply these techniques to the investigation of basic biological principles emphasizing genetics, molecular biology, ecology and evolution.

BIOSC 0050 is the prerequisite for this course, and you need to have earned a C (not C-) in BIOSC 0050 in order to take.* They want to know: “ What lab activities from your introductory undergraduate Ecology or Evolution courses were the most memorable?” The general idea is that, if you can remember a specific lab you did 5, 10, 15, 20+ years after taking the course, it was probably an engaging , what specific ecology and evolution labs do you still remember? Here are the top ones for me: Cemetery Demography: This is lab I still remember the most and that was the first thing I brought up when talking to Brian.I think this is a standard one that is done lots of places.(I see that there’s a TIEE article on it.) I loved it and if I ever teach an ecology lab, I would use rod galls: I don’t actually remember the specifics of what we did with this part of why I remember it is because we did it at the same field sites where Dick Root did his goldenrod research.

Knowing that we were doing things that were related to actual science that was ongoing – and not something that was just a canned exercise – was really neat.Field Ecology trips with Peter Marks: This isn’t a specific lab activity, but a highlight of my undergraduate coursework was taking Field Ecology from Peter outside with someone who is such an amazing natural historian was so much fun and so eye-opening.I remember specific field trips to an old growth forest plot near Ithaca, and a weekend trip to the Cary Institute.I took the course in my last semester at Cornell, since I was a bit slow to realize I wanted to be an advantage to this is that, since most of the other students were sophomores, they were still kind of intimidated by faculty.So, the spot in the front passenger seat of the van Peter drove was always open.

I sat there on every trip, and still remember things like him pointing out Ailanthus growing on the side of the road, talking about the possibility of roadsides as habitats that facilitate ng for beans: I don’t recall this very well, but I remember that we had a lab where we had to pick beans out of I don’t remember what the point was! There was a similar evolution lab activity, though, where we had to pick up beans with different “appendages” (a spoon, fork, chopsticks, etc.) There were timed foraging rounds, and then individuals could “reproduce” based on how many beans they’d collected.Wolf reintroduction to Yellowstone: This was a discussion activity, rather than a lab, but given how well I remember it, I figured I’d include it class was split into different stakeholder groups related to the question of whether wolves should be reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park.I don’t remember all the groups, but I know that some people were supposed to be government scientists and some ranchers.I was supposed to represent Defenders of Wildlife, which is a conservation non-profit.

I found the exercise really interesting, and it definitely drove home the point that it can be really tricky to balance the needs of different interest groups when making conservation decisions.What ecology and evolution labs do you remember from when you were a student? If you’d rather tweet your reply, use the hashtag #ecoevolabs.* We generally don’t write posts on request, but this one was so up my alley that I was excited to run with d posts: Excerpts from AP Biology Teachers Discussion Group Diversity Lab Suggestion: "I did the exercise with just my AP class we ignore fungi and protists, and only spend about 1.We have just finished a lengthy plant lly, what I did was cut out about 20-25 pictures of animals from biological catalogs and wildlife magazines trying to get as many phyla as I could.I glued them on posterboard and numbered them.

) The animals go from sponges up through mammals.I couldn't find some organisms I really wanted, like monotremes, and had trouble finding marsupials.(I threw in a few really tough ones like onychophoran, which is a sort of segmented worm with legs and in its own phylum.) I asked students to: (1) Classify the organisms as completely as lly, they are getting to the class level with most, and further with are using the appendix in our text (Starr and Taggart) to do this, as well as the chapters in their book and the other books I have.(2) Make a chart or checklist where they decide what characteristics to include for their set of are using wordprocessing programs to do both of these tasks.

I had planned for them to make up 10 questions on their chart as well, but I have a feeling that that is too much to ask in three I said, I never expected this exercise to generate such intense interest! In terms of what we'd covered in class before doing this: We had covered through echinoderms and chordates will be covered next week, after they finish the exercise.However, reading of both chapters was assigned before we students have a pretty good classification background, as we use the Green Version Biology, which has an excellent coverage of classification and characteristics for both animals and plants, which we cover in first-year biology." — Anne Soos, Stuart Country Day School, Princeton, New Jersey.Need to order a laboratory report ecology a4 (british/european) business 114 pages / 31350 words single spaced 2/28/99 Additional Lab Suggestion: "I use the pH buffer capsules to make up buffer solutions at 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, and 10 and let my students design their own capsules are available from Carolina Bio.I also have my students think about the pH of the soil, rain, and maybe from standing water outside somewhere if there is any 20 May 2015 - She and Jenn Rudgers are working to redesign a lab course related to ecology, evolution, and the diversity of life.

* They want to know: “What lab activities from your introductory undergraduate Ecology or Evolution courses were the most memorable?” The general idea is that, if you can remember a specific.I also have my students think about the pH of the soil, rain, and maybe from standing water outside somewhere if there is any.3/8/99 Question: "I need help locating the little capsule animals that dissolve when put in water and the little sponge creature is left.I use these for several scientific method labs at the beginning of the year College Sophomores in the Laboratory: Influences of a Narrow Dataingly been based on college students tested in academic laboratories on academiclike tasks.

HowColumns 4 and 5-7 include all such 1980 journal articles; columns 1 -3 include all such journal articles for April through December 1980, the first.

I use these for several scientific method labs at the beginning of the carries these little things around ideas?" Answer: "Try the following: Order from Instant Products, Inc where to find college bullying powerpoint presentation Academic Senior Chicago/ ideas?" Answer: "Try the following: Order from Instant Products, Inc., 4804 Strawberry Lane, Louisville, Kentucky 40214; telephone: (800) 862-6688 Wal-Mart's checkout counters Walgreen's Drug store (usually dinosaurs are in them) CVS drug store with toys ($1.98 for 12) The card/gift stores in your area (Hallmark, etc.) MJ Designs (a large craft store-chain on the East coast); Michaels may also carry them A Nature Company store or catalogue." Question: "Can you grow N-fixing bacteria?" Answer 1: "Check a standard microbiology lab for exercises on soil grow them requires a synthetic medium (every ingredient known and measured as opposed to nutrient agar); they are a bear to you can grow them, use negative staining (India ink) for an interesting effect.

I haven't done this in a long, long time but if you have any difficulties, contact me and I will look through my materials from the time when I taught microbiology in the Alhambra City High School District.

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Fremont High School, Los Angeles, 2: "If you have good microscopes (preferably darkfield) you can see them easily by taking a nodule off a legume plant root and crushing it with a small amount of distilled water.I've used any available legume family plant, such as clover or beans." — Question: "Any advice regarding planaria labs?" Answer 1: "We used to have our freshmen and sophomores do science fair experiments, and we always had a few work with , they do regenerate; it takes about 3-4 weeks (if I remember correctly, it was a few years ago) Help me write a report ecology without plagiarism MLA American 85 pages / 23375 words Proofreading." — Question: "Any advice regarding planaria labs?" Answer 1: "We used to have our freshmen and sophomores do science fair experiments, and we always had a few work with , they do regenerate; it takes about 3-4 weeks (if I remember correctly, it was a few years ago).

Both halves, if each survives, will regenerate.

It is best to put them on a piece of Saran Wrap, which is placed on ice to anesthetize them; then, using a sterile scalpel, slice them in them well before slicing them, then don't feed them again until they've regrown 12 Nov 2017 - Get professional Where to get an engineering laboratory report Premium 5 days British Get an ecology laboratory report Academic double spaced US   Best websites to buy a lab report ecology platinum phd a4 (british/european) british; The basics of science c v s a sample research c v the nbsp; Write my  .It is best to put them on a piece of Saran Wrap, which is placed on ice to anesthetize them; then, using a sterile scalpel, slice them in them well before slicing them, then don't feed them again until they've regrown." — Bonnie Polan, Beverly High School, Beverly, Massachusetts 12 Nov 2017 - Get professional Where to get an engineering laboratory report Premium 5 days British Get an ecology laboratory report Academic double spaced US   Best websites to buy a lab report ecology platinum phd a4 (british/european) british; The basics of science c v s a sample research c v the nbsp; Write my  ." — Bonnie Polan, Beverly High School, Beverly, Massachusetts.11/5/99 Answer 2: "I have often done regeneration experiments with planaria in my general biology classes.I can usually catch planaria by tying a piece of raw liver to the end of a string and hanging it in a pond near some rocks for a few hours mass communication.I can usually catch planaria by tying a piece of raw liver to the end of a string and hanging it in a pond near some rocks for a few hours.I bring in a big bucket of pond water so the kids can change the water every other day in their regeneration experiments.

I found this protocol in an old biology can anesthetize planaria using Epsom salt the worm in a watch glass and add Epsom salt crystals, a few at a time, with a forceps until the worm is 'out.' It is fairly easy to get creative cuts this students have cut four-headed worms that have regenerated very the experiments are over, I put all of the regenerated worms back into my stream.I have been teaching biology for 21 years, so you can imagine the number of strange looking planaria that are in my stream.Every year I catch some weird ones!" — Answer 3: "Check the classic, Animal Without Backbones, for good is an anterior-posterior you cut off the head, you can get a two-headed you cut the tail, you will get a you cut it lengthwise, you will get two.Similarly, if you cut if in half (crosswise) right in the center, you will also get two.

I plan to do this with my AP class and perhaps my honors after the AP t High School, Los Angeles, California.11/5/99 Question: "Does anyone have any suggested lab activities that students can do when investigating cancer? When we do independent research projects, students always want to explore cancer." Answer: "CellServ has several excellent and inexpensive kits that I highly recommend: Visualization of normal and transformed cells; looking at cells grown in culture Heterokarya and cell fusion Human chromosome spreads: using chromosome splats to look at aneuploidy I used kits (1) and (4) last year with great students found cancer cells in kit #1, and saw how karyotypes can be prepared in kit #4.With kit #4, my students were able to find and count chromosomes in human cells and find cells with extra nice! I took this information from an old order form, but believe it is still current: CellServ CATCMB/103 McCort-Ward Bldg.12/16/99 Question: "Can anyone help me with a lab protocol? Soak a frog in some solution for several weeks—the frog becomes transparent, then you inject dyes into the veins, organs, etc.

Does this sound familiar to anyone?" Answer: "The most widely used techniques of this sort involve staining bone and cartilage rather than veins and organs.Where to get an laboratory report ecology at an affordable price platinum academic 8 pages / 2200 words us letter size Skeletal stain preps are fairly easy to do, but require that the specimen first be hardened for several weeks in 10 percent formalin, so that may be a stumbling block for classroom the specimen is 'cleared' (made transparent) by soaking for several days in 4 percent potassium hydroxide (caustic solution, possibly another classroom hazard).Then a solution of alizarin red dye in acetic acid is added EXPERIMENTS Effects of plant quality on caterpillar performance.Then a solution of alizarin red dye in acetic acid is added.This stains the bone (calcified tissue) a deep you are doing cartilage, additional stains (such as methylene blue) will be needed In this essay, three faculty from small liberal arts colleges were asked to provide some information about themselves, provide specific information concerning how they spend a typical day or week at work, detail some likes andThe work can be grueling at times; there are only so many lab reports I can read in one you are doing cartilage, additional stains (such as methylene blue) will be y requires perfusion with latex solutions, etc In this essay, three faculty from small liberal arts colleges were asked to provide some information about themselves, provide specific information concerning how they spend a typical day or week at work, detail some likes andThe work can be grueling at times; there are only so many lab reports I can read in one y requires perfusion with latex solutions, may be beyond the ability of most students just because it is tedious and requires some special equipment.

But before you can even begin all this, you must have a specimen.I was under the impression that science fair rules now prohibited the sacrifice of anyone clarify this?? One possible way to obtain a specimen is to ask a local veterinarian to save dog/cat fetuses removed during neutering/spaying I'm not certain that even that is legal under science fair nces for the bone/cartilage stain procedures: Russell, E."Improved Methods for Staining Bones of Small Fetuses and Vertebrates in Alizarin Red."Vertebrate Skeletal Preparations, A Manual." American Biology Teacher (January 1977): 35-41.

" — Question: "Does anyone know how to care for leeches?" Answer: "I've kept leeches alive for months in the refrigerator in a finger bowl with spring water.I cover them with another finger bowl to minimize you keep them cold, they don't need to be fed very much, if at all.I keep all sorts of things like that in my oan cultures, for example, can be maintained quite a long time at refrigerator temperature, as can Board of Health is appeased because we keep food for human consumption out of there (at least, I tell my colleagues to do that)." — Question: "Is there a good version of a surface area versus volume exercise?" Answer 1: "I just revised the BSCS Blue Version investigation on the effects of cell size on the efficiency of exchange of materials by way of diffusion (Inv.6B, for those of you who teach the seventh edition).

I think that it works much better the way I've changed it, and my students worked through it quite nicely last week.I may even try it with my next year's AP class when we get to that lly, the procedure described in BSCS is to make three agar cubes, 1 cm, 2 cm, and 3 cm.When the molten agar cools (use 3 percent concentration), and before it solidifies, add phenolphthalein powder to bring it to a final concentration of, I think, 1 percent.(For anyone interested in trying this, I shall give exact concentration of the agar and also recommended amount to make for about 20 teams.) Anyway, you gently place your cubes in NaOH solution (I think it is 0.

1 M? I forget but can also look this up, if anyone is interested) and stir them gently for about six this time, the OH ions diffuse inward and raise the causes the phenolphthalein to change to a bright fuchsia is a sharp endpoint, so it is quite dramatic when after six minutes you cut the cubes in half, you see a distinct beige colored cube in the middle and a fuchsia border surrounding it.The book tells you to measure the distance that the OH ions (they actually say NaOH, but that is not exactly accurate) diffused in.They then ask the student which is more important, volume or surface area, in determining , that seems silly to me, because as volume increases from 1 to 2 to 3 cm, so does surface how would a student know how to answer the question? They also ask for a calculation of S:V ratio, which decreases as the size of the cube increases (S:V is 6 times the square of the side divided by the cube of the side, or 6/x, where x is the dimension of the cube—1, 2, or 3 cm, in this case).My smarter students pointed out that to really answer this question, one would have to have two solids of the same volume but different shapes and thus different surface , instead of asking the students to measure how far the OH ions diffuse in, which is, of course, the same in each solid, over the same time, I have them measure the dimensions of the undyed solid in the then calculate the volume of this solid, divide it by the volume of the original whole solid, convert to a percent, subtract from 100, and voila—they have the percent efficiency, that is, what portion of the entire cube has been reached by the OH comes out quite nicely, for those who are careful in their percent efficiency decreases from almost 100 percent for the 1 cm cube to something like maybe 70 percent for the 3 cm 4 x 2 x 1 solid, which has the same volume as the 2 cm cube, has a higher percent efficiency than the 2 cm cube.

Beitch, Hamden Hall Country Day School, Hamden, Connecticut.

4/14/00 Answer 2: "Here is a trick that I came up with this year to make cutting the cubes easier (a similar procedure is in the Scott Foresman/Addison Wesley biology text laboratory book, Biology: The Web of Life).After a fiasco, trying to cut the cubes out of a sheet cake pan, I went out this year and bought three plastic ice cube trays for about 50 cents you fill each section to capacity, you will have a cube that is approximately three cubic centimeters.Each group or student can be given two cubes.The high school science classes you should take prepscholar blog They will trim one to approximate the three-cubic centimeter size; from the other they can cut the one- and two-cubic centimeter cuts prep time down, makes less mess, and the cubes pop out of the plastic trays better than ice ever did! I even found ice cube trays the same color as phenolphthalein in a basic solution.a lovely dark pink! I marked the ice cube trays with warnings and poison symbols so that they will not be used for anything other than the phenolphthalein agar Help me do laboratory report ecology Platinum Writing A4 (British/European) Ph.

a lovely dark pink! I marked the ice cube trays with warnings and poison symbols so that they will not be used for anything other than the phenolphthalein agar." — Jo Ann Burman, Andress High School, El Paso, Texas.4/14/00 Answer 3: "I think the ice cube tray is a good idea, but here's a twist to using phenolphthalein 1.Design an ecological laboratory experiment.

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Explain how to randomly assign experimental treatments to subjects and explain why this is important.One order of eggs from Carolina only includes 5-6 eggs.Caterpillars can be reared in plastic sandwich containers   2017-12-15 daily 0.9 https://damadit.org/essay/best-website-to-get-a-pedagogy-essay-business-single-spaced-british-100-plagiarism-free 2017-12-15 daily 0.9   daily 0.9 https://damadit.org/report/best-websites-to-purchase-a-anthropology-report-a4-british-european-14-days-academic-confidentiality 2017-12-15 daily  .

Caterpillars can be reared in plastic sandwich containers.

Each container will need a few holes poked in it,.4/14/00 Answer 3: "I think the ice cube tray is a good idea, but here's a twist to using use purple cabbage juice instead, and add a little baking soda to get it to turn green or blue 1.Design an ecological laboratory experiment 3 Oct 2016 - It is therefore important that undergraduate students receive a solid foundation in scientific writing early in their academic careers.   How many students can you recall who worked on a laboratory assignment or class project for weeks, only to throw together the written report the day before it was due?.Design an ecological laboratory experiment.Explain how to randomly assign experimental treatments to subjects and explain why this is important.

One order of eggs from Carolina only includes 5-6 eggs.Caterpillars can be reared in plastic sandwich containers.Each container will need a few holes poked in it,.We use purple cabbage juice instead, and add a little baking soda to get it to turn green or we also use purple cabbage juice for a pH lab, it is a nice link and the students immediately know what is going on.

We have them determine the hydrogen ion movement etc have them determine the hydrogen ion movement etc.I think this came out of an old 'idea bank' from the Biology Teacher." — Patti Carothers, West Laurens High School, Dublin, Georgia.4/15/00 Answer 4: "Another wrinkle while we are sharing.I have put a little NaOH into my agar so that the initial cubes are students can actually see the cubes begin to turn clear, and when they cut them open they see bright red centers.

I found that the phenolphthalein (say that four times fast) wash also diffusing out of the cube, and into the NaOH solution, making it red and hard to see what it happening.A safety note: I point out to my students that phenolphthalein is the active ingredient in Ex-Lax, and if they don't carefully wash their hands after the lab, they're going to be really 'regular' people for a few days." — Israel Solon, Greenhill School, Dallas, Texas.4/15/00 Answer 5: "We have successfully made the agar cubes with Bogen's Universal Indicator instead of phenolphthalein and have put the cubes in biggest difference we notice is that vinegar diffuses more rapidly and results can be measured in one minute or less.I imagine other even milder acids might be more successful.

The color is a very interesting 'orangey' we put the cubes in a mild ammonia solution, we get a navy cubes start out as a rather hideous forest way we avoid working with the highly caustic sodium hydroxide." — Eloise Farmer, Torrington High School, Torrington, Connecticut.4/17/00 Suggestion: "I have done this 'hot dog lab' as part of an integrated discipline course called 'Nutrition Science.' We use regular lighter fluid as the solvent, and teaching the students the concept 'like dissolves like,' has gotten terrific results every time! Cut and mass approximately three grams of any hot dog, use a stirring rod (and good ventilation!) to stir the hot dog pieces with approx.10 mL lighter fluid (the fluid will turn pale and cloudy), decant through filter paper, repeat the process with lighter fluid and same pieces of hot dog for a total of three the resulting evaporating dish of fluid sit overnight (two nights if at room temperature or one night at approx.

98 C) and you will get unmistakable fat (kids describe it as looking just like vegetable oil) in the bottom of the dish.We have done this with different brands (generic name) and different content (chicken or no-fat) with terrific results! This is one of those labs the students remember and talk about the rest of the year!" — Becky Ashe, West High School, Knoxville, Tennessee.4/20/00 Question: "I've just received my 'Fast Plant' kit and look forward to a year without the hassle of those light sleeping drosophila.I didn't realize the fast plants were so small.I would appreciate any tips, advice, or cautions from anyone who has used Brassica rapa ('Fast Plants' from Carolina) before.

" Answer 1: "Are you familiar with Wisconsin fast plants (Brassica rapa)? Check out their Web are many, many fascinating experiments to be done." — Donna Light-Donovan, Croton-Harmon High School, Croton-on-Hudson, New York.7/21/00 Answer 2: "Congratulations on trying out the fast plants.I have used them very successfully for the past few only recommendation I would make, aside from following the planting and watering instruction booklet, is to either build (as I the cheap with parts from Home Depot and scrap lumber) or purchase the cool fluorescent grow will also need a fairly large space (grow area) to store the plants during the 45-day cycle.

" — Mark Stephansky, Whitman-Hanson Regional High School, Whitman, Massachusetts.

10/12/00 Answer 3: "I have used fast plants for years now and love them.I keep mine under a fluorescent light bank 24 hours a need for expensive grow bulbs, the plants grow just fine under the cheap $1.I teach all of my plant structure while doing genetics at the same time.Undergraduate course descriptions department of biological sciences Dissect the flowers to learn plant addition to the classic Mendelian genetics lab, have your students design their own experiments on can use some of your F2 seeds after your genetics experiment for this Need to purchase an ecology laboratory report 142 pages / 39050 words CSE Business Platinum.You can use some of your F2 seeds after your genetics experiment for this.

Reinforce experimental design!! I also get a set of the gibberellic acid deficient variety and do some work with plant hormones (also reinforces the fallacy of acquired characteristics).The students often think that because you add the gibberellic acid to the plant to make it grow tall, the offspring will also grow tall What ecology labs do you remember from when you were a student students often think that because you add the gibberellic acid to the plant to make it grow tall, the offspring will also grow tall.I usually get extra parts, stakes, labels, soil (use a carbon free potting soil—the plants do not like soil with carbon added), wicks, and copper sulfate squares so I can set up individual experiments after our Mendelian genetics directions that come with the kits are only problem I had was one year we had an aphid infestation.I waited two days to get the aphid soap on the plants and it was a miserable I have a bottle waiting for the first sign of you are done with everything, wash and rinse, then bleach to kill algae, and most of all the supplies are reusable next year, or for the next project.10/12/00 Answer 4: "I, too, used fast plants to have students design an save my sanity, I ordered four kits from Wards and/or Carolina-irradiated seeds, fertilizer deficiencies, gibberellic acid, and a Mendelian four groups of students had the task of researching the background information on each related area and designed their own collected respective data and created power point presentations to teach the class about their aspect of plant maintenance and presented their problem, hypothesis, controlled procedure, data, and were able to cover significant information on plant hormones and plant nutrition, revisit mutagenic agents and Mendelian genetics.

The students get very attached to their plants, or maybe they have found that this is a good way to delay class for five minutes to collect measurements! But I thought it was worth the time.I recommend the fast plant video from Carolina that shows how to set up the plants and the life runs about 20 minutes and is worth the time it would take to figure out what gets added when.I, too, kill all plants, but these are very easy to grow with $1 on: "I am trying to find some really great activities/labs to do to teach my students the scientific method.I have used the animal behavior lab in this way before simply by having them set up their own works well, but I would like to do something different with tions?" Answer 1: "One of my favorite explorations of the scientific method is the 'black box.' Many of you will know this exercise: find a box (cigar, gift, or other cardboard box of roughly six inches cubed).

Punch three holes on opposite sides of the box, just big enough to accommodate three wooden dowels (common at any building supply store).Acquire some metal washers, shower curtain rings, or anything else that strikes your a dowel through one hole, string some washers, it, insert through the matching hole on the opposite side.

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Tape the box closed and paint it black (black box: get it?).Now the question is to design ways to determine what's in the box without actually opening the the students suggest a technique and how the result will be example, they might slowly pull one dowel out of the holes and listen for things to drop.(I suggest putting at least one object in the box but not on a dowel) Who can do my ecology lab report 20 days writing from scratch us nbsp.

(I suggest putting at least one object in the box but not on a dowel).

This box exercise demonstrates the way in which we learned much of what we know about biology—especially those things we can manipulate but not see (atomic structure, the genetic code, immune system, dividing the class into two teams with competing boxes and see which team can stump the other.Wise, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi.8/9/00 Answer 2: "One that we used to do with our regular students involves giving each group two 50 mL beakers and two petri put 5 mL water each into one of the beakers and one of the petri put 10 mL water each into the second beaker and petri dish Best website to buy an ecology report Formatting Undergraduate 3 days A4 (British/European).8/9/00 Answer 2: "One that we used to do with our regular students involves giving each group two 50 mL beakers and two petri put 5 mL water each into one of the beakers and one of the petri put 10 mL water each into the second beaker and petri dish.They then counted out four groups of 100 small seeds (grass, alfalfa, mustard).They placed 100 seeds into each of the pieces of glassware and set them two or three days to a week, they came back and did saw how many seeds were floating and how many the ones that germinated the ones that floated or the ones that sunk? After making as many observations as they could without removing the seeds, they drained off the water and counted how many seeds germinated in each container freeandroidgaming.com/lab-report/ecology.php.

They placed 100 seeds into each of the pieces of glassware and set them two or three days to a week, they came back and did saw how many seeds were floating and how many the ones that germinated the ones that floated or the ones that sunk? After making as many observations as they could without removing the seeds, they drained off the water and counted how many seeds germinated in each container.

You could then have the students think of other experiments they could do, using the information gathered here (using the amount of water and container that germinated the most, see if light or temperature affects germination).For a biology class, it is rather cool to start off with a lab that actually shows things growing." — Jo Ann Burman, Andress High School, El Paso, Texas.Best website to get an laboratory report ecology 100% plagiarism free harvard high school british us letter size 8/9/00 Question: "Has anyone heard of using termites for lab? I finally got my hands on some termites, because I wanted to try the experiment (about) termites following certain kinds of ink—what kind of ink? What type of chemical is it that the termites can smell?" Answer 1: "Today was our students' second day of school, and we just did an experiment that worked out great and really got the kids excited about learning biology.I did this last year (my first AP year) too.

Collect termites ahead of time from old damp rotting logs or call your local exterminator and see if they'll donate some Human Ecology Credit Requirements · Natural Science Approved Course List · Course Distribution Directions - Course distributions are groups of courses categorized by course content.Some requirements on your Curriculum Sheet direct you to choose courses with a specific distribution.Collect termites ahead of time from old damp rotting logs or call your local exterminator and see if they'll donate some.Gather the students around one table, and drop 10-15 termites onto a blank sheet of white the students to observe the termites' behavior Students complete these increasingly challenging projects in the following sequence: 1) Journal Club; 2) Medical News Journalism; 3) Disease Review Article; 4) Disease Symposium Seminar; and 5) Laboratory Report Written as a Primary Article.

These projects are designed with the assumption that incoming sophomore.Tell the students to observe the termites' scatter and go off the edge if you let them Students complete these increasingly challenging projects in the following sequence: 1) Journal Club; 2) Medical News Journalism; 3) Disease Review Article; 4) Disease Symposium Seminar; and 5) Laboratory Report Written as a Primary Article.These projects are designed with the assumption that incoming sophomore.They scatter and go off the edge if you let t the termites (small paint brushes help with picking them up and moving them).Then draw a circle on the paper using a red Papermate ball point pen and drop the termites in the start walking along the line and go around and each student to hypothesize why the termites behave this way; then have them design an experiment to test their hypothesis and predict what will can talk about limiting variables, control group, constants, have them work in pairs, get their own set of termites (half the fun was seeing them break up the wood chunks to collect them), and perform their experiments.

Have on hand several different types and colors of pens and pencils, colored and plain paper, keep doing different tests as time is amazing to see all the different ideas the students come up they discover is that the termites are only attracted to certain types of red Papermate ball point pen, and even the blue and black Papermates, work best.Some of the neon colors of Bic ball point pens work, too, but the other Bics don't.Evidently there is a chemical in the ink that mimics a natural termite hormone, so they think they are following the trail of other termites.(If anyone out there who has done this before can give me a more detailed explanation, I'd appreciate it.) This can lead to a discussion about colonial organisms, insect communication, and lots of other topics.

I'm attaching a file of the lab report: Termite Study Experimental Design Name: Lab Partners: Design an experiment to determine why the termites stay along the line of the circle.Think of a possible cause, write a hypothesis, design a procedure for testing it, and predict what will sure that the procedure includes a control set up and identified perform the experiment, record observations, analyze the results, and form a the results and conclusion of the first experiment, design a second experiment to further determine why the termites behave this MENT #1 Hypothesis: Joni Driscoll, Northwest Cabarrus High School, Concord, North Carolina.10/29/00 Answer 2: "I first heard about this termite phenomenon in 1994 at a convention of the Entomological Society of America.I was intrigued by the idea and wanted to know more about how Papermate pen ink mimicked the termite's pheromones, so I contacted an entomologist at Kansas State here is some background information that may be of interest to you if you are considering doing this experiments—and I agree that it works quite nicely and amazes the is a note that I posted on the 'Access Excellence' Web page in the summer of 1995.

Ralph Howard (an entomologist with the U.

Department of Agriculture) who provided insight regarding some of the termite questions that have come is working in a research lab in Manhattan, Kansas, investigating insect damage to stored wheat and corn.A number of years ago his research centered on ing the 'species question,' about 95 percent of the termites (in terms of numbers of insects, not number of species) in the U.There are six species in this genus, and all are subterranean.These six species should all respond to the chemical in the ink, which he assumed was some type of natural trail pheromone released by the termites is z,z,e-3,6, are another 40 orso species, but they are less abundant, living in dryer, warmer areas of southern Florida, Arizona, and southern California, mostly inhabiting dry supplied by Carolina Biological are probably natural pheromone is released from a gland on the underside of the body and is released from the abdomen.They only need to release about one picogram per centimeter for it to effectively mark the ntly, it was quite an accomplishment to discover, isolate, and identify these chemicals found in ink require much higher concentrations, probably in microgram quantities, which are several degrees of magnitude higher than the real es sense these pheromones through chemoreception, not by sight and not by tactile of all, these subterranean species are blind.

By placing tissue paper between the termites and the trail, it can be shown that they smell, but don't actually touch the trail.Life as a professor at a small liberal arts college ncbi nih Howard suggested extracting the real pheromone by placing termites in 1 mL of release a small amount, but enough of the pheromone into the hexane.The hexane can then be dropped onto a surface Do My Essay Trust My hexane can then be dropped onto a surface.The hexane then evaporates, leaving a pheromone termites of the six subterranean species will all respond to each other's pheromone trails, but they will respond preferentially to those from their own can be shown by making a trail, with a branch going to one side with pheromone from another species Lab report, Science, 6 pages, 48 hours, Sophomore. Got my lab reportThesis, Ecology, 56 pages, 14 days, Master's.

 My Master's thesis IThis problem is getting worse during the college years, when a student needs to meet higher standards, as he/she is supposed to deliver a paper that is written in an academic can be shown by making a trail, with a branch going to one side with pheromone from another will stay on the trail marked by their own pheromone, even though they will follow the trail of another species' pheromone if that is the only choice /essay/ .They will stay on the trail marked by their own pheromone, even though they will follow the trail of another species' pheromone if that is the only choice.Although the use of hexane is a problem to use in schools, there seems to be several opportunities for some interesting I teach about pheromones I have the kids sniff some they are told to get down on their hands and knees and follow a 'pheromone' (perfume) trail that I make on the floor prior to the is challenging and helps them realize how little they use olfaction for onally, I lace the trail with other perfumes.This is all part of an animal communication treasure hunt, which was described in greater detail in The American Biology Teacher (April 1996)." — Answer 3: "They are Papermate red, blue, and black pens.

" — Holly Ellerton, Suffield Academy, Suffield, Connecticut.9/7/00 Answer 4: "I did it with all colors of Papermate ball point pens.They did find out that the termites don't follow corners very well but will try to follow any shape." — Tracie Durham, Girls Preparatory School, Chattanooga, Tennessee.9/7/00 Answer 5: "When I do that lab I supply students with three different brands of ball point pens.

The ones the termites are most likely to follow are the Papermate sometimes follow the others but not as consistently.

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I also provide students with three or four different of them hypothesize that the termites follow the lines based on way they perform an experiment, get a conclusion that does not support their hypothesis, then have to perform a second experiment." — Question: "Besides the enzyme lab, do AP teachers use other biochemistry labs?" Answer 1: "I use the acid/base lab for the CBL from 'Biology with CBL' from Vernier (can also be done with pH probe and computer).In this the students test initial pH and then add drops of acid/base to determine each substance's buffering works fairly well if you have a good selection of nonbiological chemicals, biological chemicals, and biological organisms to test Sitemap Da m a dit.In this the students test initial pH and then add drops of acid/base to determine each substance's buffering works fairly well if you have a good selection of nonbiological chemicals, biological chemicals, and biological organisms to test.

I find that it also serves as a nice bridge to organic and biochemistry.

" — Question: "Does anyone have any good ecology labs outside Lab 12?" Answer: "Try the Ecological Society of America's educational site How to purchase an report ecology APA Writing single spaced 30 days." — Question: "Does anyone have any good ecology labs outside Lab 12?" Answer: "Try the Ecological Society of America's educational site.") Also, there are a number of very excellent labs that have been produced on the ABLE (Association for Biological Laboratory Education) Web site (see "See also"); go to full-text articles of proceedings." — Brad Williamson, Olathe East High School, Olathe, Kansas.9/4/00 Question: "My students are about to analyze anyone have a fun way to do so? I have heard about a forensic unit where you identify the guilty party based on analyzing the food anyone know where I could find something like that?" Answer 1: "The STARS program at Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas, just did an in-service for teachers on medical it they had a 'Crime Lab Activity,' which they got from Access Excellence's Activities originally appeared in the November/December 1994 issue of The Biology Teacher, volume 56, no." Cheryl Hollinger, Central York High School, York, Pennsylvania.

9/27/00 Question: "(Do) any of you folks have a greenhouse? How do you run this space and use this space most efficiently? Can anyone recommend a book that will provide useful instructions?" Answer: "Yes, we have a greenhouse, and teach a botany course slanted to include horticulture/landscaping/commercial plant growing students learn, in addition to the academics of botany, how to landscape, landscape design, commercial crop growing, greenhouse management, fall, for example, we plan to grow a crop of poinsettias for sale at helps the budget, too! We use a McGraw-Hill text, Introductory Plant Biology, and supplement it as needed for the commercial should see our school courtyards and entryways that have been landscaped by the students.It really adds to the school climate, especially during the pansy/daffodil season and during the course is so popular that we have to limit the number of students taking it (three sections this year).A new addition that will include a second greenhouse is now being are a number of books available on greenhouse management that you could refer to.By the way, we are in a typical suburban district, not a rural or agricultural community." — Question: "Does anyone know how to use Sudan indicator in lab work?" Answer 1: "I use Sudan III to test for lipids.

College sophomores in the laboratory citeseerx It reacts with the long chains of the fatty acids and dissolves in substance like lipids and stains them can qualitatively 'tell' how much fat is in a substance by the intensity of the color.I use things like cream, skim milk, flour, coffee, and other foods for the testing in lab Best website to order an laboratory report ecology online double spaced Business Standard 46 pages / 12650 words.I use things like cream, skim milk, flour, coffee, and other foods for the testing in lab.: I forgot to tell you that you have to make extracts of the foods by using 95 percent ETOH and dissolving them in the alcohol.You'll have to play around with the proportions to get the best results.

I've tried different concentrations the past two years just to see which works best .I've tried different concentrations the past two years just to see which works best." — Cheryl Hollinger, Central York High School, York, Pennsylvania.12/19/00 Answer 2: "I use Sudan IV and the positive test is either red droplets or a red layer when the substance is mixed with about 2 mL of water." — Rene' McCormick, Carroll High School, Southlake, Texas.

12/19/00 Question: "I was wondering if anyone knows if there are microscope slides that have English words or math problems or something, which are written small enough so that a student can't read what's on the slide just by holding it up, but instead would need to properly focus the slide under HIGH power in order to see what's written.Yesterday I did a microscope lab with both my honors and my AP Biology classes, and the number of students who can't focus a microscope properly is just appalling.A slide such as I've described would be a great test question—what word is on the slide? What's the solution to the problem? The student would get maybe one minute to get the slide with the question into they couldn't do it, they would get a zero on the teed I'd have students practicing the week before the test on other slides around the lab." Answer 1: "A teacher at our school has a charm on a necklace that appears to be a cross in a Plexiglas reality it is a book of the Bible could be trouble depending where you teach—I'm in the buckle of the Bible belt and can get away with this! .

It would serve your purpose, so perhaps you should contact Christian book stores.

" — Rene' McCormick, Carroll High School, Southlake, Texas.1/12/01 Answer 2: "How about the slides with red, yellow, and blue threads crossing each other? You could ask them to tell you which is on top of which or have them draw the arrangement properly.1/12/01 Answer 3: "Here is how you can easily change font size in Word.(My husband is a computer guru!) In Word, highlight the word or words that you want to change, then hold down the control key and hit the " " (bracket key) if you want to make the font small (it will go down to 1 pixel).Hold down the control key and hit the " " bracket if you want the font to be can make the fonts any size you want by doing this; it is often easier to do this than selecting font size (which is limited) from your tool bar.

You could print this out on clear sticky labels for making microscope slides for the lab idea that you are discussing, but the quality will depend on your , Bangor Area High School, Bangor, Pennsylvania.1/13/01 Answer 4: "I just recall that there are microprints on the new 20 dollar bills for security purposes.Look underneath Andrew Jackson's either side of the JACKSON ribbon, there is a row of super small prints.I can't tell you what's on it because it's too small." — Hoenie Luk, Abraham Lincoln High School, San Francisco, California.

1/14/01 Answer 5: "Is it possible to find old microfilm or microfiche? Some is readable by eye, but you can require the students to find a particular page, word, or title.You could check at some college library; sometimes they have pieces of microfilm that tears off the end of a roll." — Ted Johnson, Mossyrock High School, Mossyrock, Washington.1/14/01 Answer 6: " is a suggestion that can be used instead of tiny words to make sure students know how to focus under high my regular biology class I ask the students to count the number of strands making up a single thread.I use this not only to teach them focus, but depth of field and the value of the diaphragm (greater depth of field with smaller diaphragm setting).

Under high power they have to focus up and down across the thread (wet mount, no cover slip) to count the number." — Question: "Anyone have a good way of covering the slide labels when giving a practical?" Answer 1: "There is a labeling and cover-up tape, one-inch width, that Post-it should be able to cover the slide labels temporarily without damaging them." — Joni Driscoll, Northwest Cabarrus High School, Concord, North Carolina.1/13/01 Answer 2: "To cover labels on the slides I use the little color dots used as markers.They stick firmly enough to discourage cheating, but come off without marring the label if you do it within a few days.

" — Question: "I need some information on sea urchin embryology." Answer 1: "You can find the whole ball of wax regarding sea urchin embryology at the Sea Urchin Embryology site developed by Stanford (refer to "See also" for link).I suggest you find the purple urchin as a first timer since their eggs are pigmented and cannot be confused with sperm upon harvesting! This is my favorite lab of the year.I had a sophomore student go to the state science fair with this last year—she explored the serial dilution protocol with the different pollutants as laid out on this site.

Ten simple rules for writing a literature review plos

It was super!" — Rene' McCormick, Carroll High School, Southlake, Texas.

1/16/01 Answer 2: "The NABT publication, Biology Labs That Work: The Best of the How-to-Do-Its (1994), has information on using sea urchin embryos in the classroom on pages 118-123.Where to get a ecology laboratory report single spaced us letter size business proofreading I haven't tried it myself, but it looks pretty comprehensive 18 Jul 2013 - Given such mountains of papers, scientists cannot be expected to examine in detail every single new paper relevant to their interests [3].   Ideas for potential reviews may come from papers providing lists of key research questions to be answered [9], but also from serendipitous moments during desultory  .Where to get a ecology laboratory report single spaced us letter size business proofreading I haven't tried it myself, but it looks pretty comprehensive.

I would love to know what you do for the human physiology section.I seem to just have enough time to review the body systems and do the labs in the manual 22 Aug 2015 - Read this guide to learn about standard science curriculum, AP and IB science courses, college expectations, and ways you can exceed thoseMost high schools require students to complete 2 or 3 years of science classes in order to graduate, and these classes will often include a laboratory component.I seem to just have enough time to review the body systems and do the labs in the manual.

" Answer: "For human physiology, I use the A.Interactive Physiology CDs and provide some guidance as to areas to observe AP Biology More Lab Ideas AP Central The College ctive Physiology CDs and provide some guidance as to areas to students enjoy the CDs—especially the have covered human physiology in seventh-, eighth-, and tenth-grade biology courses; the students really just need to review prior material and go into more detail." Interactive CDs: Muscular System CD—supplement with Dynamic Human CD, 2nd edition, and have them describe joint interactions using the human skeleton and vascular System CD—supplement with AP lab on physiology of the circulatory system.I use the Pasco probes and plan to use the EKG sensor to expand the AP atory System CD—supplement using the Exercise and Respiration Rate Lab, using Pasco Respiration Rate s System CD—have thought about using Photogate for Reaction Time to Sound, Light, and Touch Pasco y System CD—don't really care for this one—too much depth.I have gone to the Dynamic Human CD, 2nd edition, more and Physiology: Plant Reproduction—flower dissection, pollen germination, and tube growth Plant Hormones—effects of auxin on coleoptile elongation, root growth, apical dominance, and leaf abscission - Geotropism - Phototropism—effects of Gibberellins on stem elongation—effect of light on lettuce seed germination (full spectrum and wavelengths).

In some cases, students are applying hormones and, in others, observing results of ones I started of the labs are from old Helms, Curtis, Keeton, Abramoff lab manuals.I find the students like the time in lab and would prefer this to my talking, or their reading, about this subject.Most difficult thing is to get prepared—some of these must be set up a couple of weeks to a few days in advance." — Paul Gardner, Holland Hall School, Tulsa, Oklahoma.2/04/01 Tip: "I've done the lab using the Red Beard Sponge (marine sponge)—it works, depending on the conditions you may not see significant reaggregation until the next day.

I'm not familiar with the procedure described in the Miller text.I just forced a piece of the sponge through cheesecloth into seawater.Students took a sample of the suspension and observed the reaggregation on a can order the sponge from the Marine Biological Supply Co." — Tip: "I have sent the copy of the McMush lab: McMush Lab Objective: To determine the compounds present in uction: Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and other nutrients provide your body with energy necessary to carry on life compounds are present in the plants and animals you use as this lab, you will test for specific compounds and then determine if those compounds are present in ordinary als: Part I: Testing of Known Substances Protein test: Place 5 mL of the gelatin solution into your test tube.Glucose test: Place 5 mL of the glucose solution into your test the tube in a beaker of boiling water and boil for five test tube clamps to hold hot test tubes.

Starch test: Place 5 mL of the starch solution into your test n C test: Place 5 mL of the vitamin C solution into your test de test: Place 5 mL of the salt solution into your test tube.Record your results in a data table (as shown below).Food Substance Bob Heun, Brooks School, North Andover, Massachusetts.3/15/01 Question: "Has anyone out there done the calorimetry CBL lab? If so, what foods did you find worked best to burn? When I saw it done as a demonstration at a workshop they used peanuts and marshmallows.

" Answer 1: "In my very low tech lab we use the old fashioned calorimeters.

We use a variety of nuts from a can of mixed ones.I think the procedure was from an old BSCS Blue were significant differences between peanuts, cashews, filberts, brazil nuts, almonds, and cashews." — Mary Jane Davis, Red Bank Catholic High School, Red Bank, New Jersey.5/29/01 Answer 2: "I use peanuts, walnuts, and give very good results in the CBL calorie allows are indeed very messy!" — Answer 3: "Cheetos work great, too!" — Bob Goodman, Hunter College High School, New York City.5/29/01 The Teachers' Corner contains links to suggested Web sites.

Requirements and policies college of human ecology cornell nbsp The College Board neither endorses, controls the content of, nor reviews the external Web sites included here.Please note that following links to external Web sites will open a new browser you discover a link that does not work, please let us know by sending an e-mail to email protected Write me ecology laboratory report plagiarism-free single spaced US Letter Size one hour you discover a link that does not work, please let us know by sending an e-mail to email protected .Subscribe to our blog DO MY ESSAY As the number of tasks and the expectations are increasing year by year, many students or scholars are having trouble when it comes to writing their essays, reviews, reports, presentations, and so your order ( % OFF) Brad, Tulsa Research, History, 7 pages, 48 hours, Junior "Couldn’t have asked for a better research paper – I’ll use this same writer for every history paper I ever have to write." 09 January 2017 Lab report, Science, 6 pages, 48 hours, Sophomore "Got my lab report right on time How to write laboratory report ecology Business Writing from scratch British A4 (British/European)." 09 January 2017 Lab report, Science, 6 pages, 48 hours, Sophomore "Got my lab report right on time.

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